Craft How To Instructions
Afghan Stitch Instructions
The afghan stitch is done with a special hook, known as an afghan hook. They come in various sizes, as do regular crochet hooks, but they are longer. Metal afghan hooks have a knob at the end...
Just like regular crochet, you begin with a foundation chain (the individual pattern will specify how many chains). The only thing you need to watch out for is your starting guage. If the chain is too loose, your first row of afghan stitches will be larger than the subsequent rows.
When working in afghan stitches, you never turn your work. The right side of the piece is always facing you. Also, each row is made up of two halves. The first half is worked from right to left and the second half is worked from left to right.
How To Videos
First Half of Foundation Row (work from right to left)
Chain 13. Insert hook in second chain from hook. Yarn over and draw a loop back through the chain. Insert hook in next chain, yarn over, and draw a loop back through the chain. You should now have 2 loops on your hook. * Insert hook in next chain, yarn over, and draw a loop back through the chain. Repeat from * for all remaining chains. There should be 12 loops on your hook.
Second Half of Foundation Row *nbsp; (work from left to right)
Without turning the piece, yarn over and pull the yarn back through the first loop on the hook. * Yarn over and pull the yarn through the next two loops on the hook. Repeat from * all the way across.
First Half of Second Row *nbsp; (work from right to left)
Skip the first vertical bar of the foundation row. Insert hook under and through second vertical bar of foundation row. Yarn over and draw loop back through. There should be 2 loops on the hook. *Insert hook under and through next vertical bar, yarn over, and draw loop back through. Repeat from * all the way across. There should be 12 loops on the hook.
NOTE: When drawing up a loop on the last stitch of a row, insert the hook through the entire stitch (rather than under just the vertical bar). This will create a firm salvage edge.
Second Half of Second Row (work from left to right)
Yarn over hook and draw loop back through first loop. * Yarn over and draw loop through next two loops. Repeat from * all the way across.
To increase, yarn over hook and draw loop through chain in between two vertical bars. To increase at the beginning of a row, make a loop in between the first two vertical bars. To Increase at the end, make a loop in between the last two vertical bars.
To decrease, insert hook under the next two vertical bars and pull loop through. When working at the beginning of the row, skip first bar on hook, insert hook through next 2 vertical bars, yarn over and draw loop through both bars. At the end of the row (last three bars) draw loop through the next two loops, pick up last bar.
Working from right to left, * insert hook under the vertical loop, yarn over, pull loop back through leaving loop on hook, yarn over, pull through both loops on hook. Repeat from * to end of row.
If your afghan stitches curl, you can either...
1. Place 2 rows of single crochet all the way around the piece.
2. Place 1 row of single crochet all the way around followed by 1 row of the crab stitch (reverse single crochet).
Crab Stitch (Reverse Single Crochet)
At the end of row, chain 1. Without turning, and working from left to right, sc in the first sc. * Sc in the next sc. Repeat from * all the way across.
To see the crab stitch in action, watch this video...